Doha Peace Agreement Upsc

7 Dec

The opening of intra-Afghan talks was a key element of the U.S.-Taliban peace agreement signed in February between the U.S. Special Representative for Reconciliation in Afghanistan, Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad and the Taliban`s deputy leader. Net Paper 2: IR Bilateral, regional – global – Agreements in which India is involved and concerned with India`s interests: the News-Card analyzes the role of India and Iran, the peace process in Afghanistan, in a short period of time. According to a report released last month by the Heart of Asia Society, a Kabul-based think tank, “the prospect of peace in Afghanistan depends on the regional consensus to support the peace process, just as it depends on the actual progress of the intra-Afghan talks.” India`s vision of a sovereign, united, stable, pluralistic and democratic Afghanistan is shared by a large constituency in Afghanistan that crosses ethnic and provincial borders. A more active engagement will allow India to cooperate with like-minded forces in the region to ensure that the vacuum created by the U.S. withdrawal does not result in a dissipation of the benefits of the past two decades. The reality is that the great powers have limited interests. For the United States, peace talks offer U.S. President Donald Trump a chance to exit a few weeks before his re-election.

The European Union has made it clear that its financial contribution will depend on the security environment and the human rights record. China can still rely on Pakistan to preserve its security and connectivity interests. For Russia, it is essential to block the supply of drugs and protect its southern periphery from extremist influences. That is why no great power takes responsibility for reconciliation talks, but merely acts as a mediator. A peace process led by Afghanistan and Afghanistan appears to have disappeared and, with the exception of Afghanistan, peace in the country is essential for almost every other country in the region. For Russia, for example, it is essential to block the supply of drugs and protect its southern periphery from extremist influences. Even at a time when Iran`s economy is in a difficult situation due to lower oil prices and severe economic sanctions, its leaders cannot afford an Afghanistan at war with themselves and its neighbors. In a statement in the Washington Post on August 14, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani wrote that “the Afghan people want peace” and that is why the government “made the decision to take another risk for peace.” He called on the Taliban to sit down with Afghan officials to reach a political solution, adding that “we recognize the Taliban as part of our reality” and called for “the Taliban to recognize the evolution of the reality of Afghanistan today.” The peace agreement between the United States and the Taliban demonstrates the growing weight of the Taliban in Afghanistan.